Video production can be done in two different ways: the planned method and unplanned method.

The Planned Method

The TV Production Process Production MethodWith the planned method, the director organizes and builds the video production using carefully laid out steps. Prior to shooting the director will work out his preferred angles and layout. He envisions how he plans to take each shot and works out the details of the setting and environment where the shooting will be done.

The exact direction will be modified by whether the director is interpreting an existing script or building a treatment framework based on a particular subject. The advantage of the planned method is that it reduces the risk of problems and difficulties that may occur during a shoot, as these are largely honed out.

The Unplanned Method

With the unplanned method, directors take advantage of the opportunities around them. Instead of working on a particular story, they first search for an idea and then look for subjects that relate to the idea. After the director has shot several possible materials, he then creates a program around it, cutting out the unrelated shots and creating a meaningful sequential order out of the useful material


Having a schedule provides a reference point that can be used in measuring the progress of the production. Milestones can be included, outlining different deadlines. For instance, when does the script need to be completed? When will the casting be done? When does shooting begin? What is the deadline for the selection of the production crew and equipment? Having a schedule delivers order and organization to the production process and instills a sense of urgency.


After all of the above details have been dealt with, your next step will be to focus on the coverage of the production. Again, asking the right question will help. Given the amount of time available, what exactly do you plan on covering? Care should be given to ensure that the production is not filled with too many topics or facts.

There may not be enough time to give justice to all the specifics available. Packing the program with too many details may make watching it a tedious process. A director will need to choose the most important details and decide the best way of presenting the information to the audience.

Some of the details regarding coverage that need to be considered include:

  • Is the subject best presented from a singular or multiple angles?
  • What areas need to be covered?
  • Is the production better served with the addition of graphics?

Planning these details will help the final value of the production. For instance, if the director believes that the subject is best served by shooting from a particular position, he can direct the camera team towards this end