Good composition is not necessarily difficult, but it always needs good planning. Here are some key factors in shooting that effectively communicate the message:

Composing The Shot


Does the image mean anything to the public? When the viewer sees the image, what is her or his immediately thought? Is that what you are trying to communicate?


The image should allow the viewer to understand the subject better. Compose the shot in such a way as to include a back­ground or foreground, which adds additional informa­tion or context to the image.


The images should urge the audience to react emotionally in a similar way as you felt when shooting. Does the image suggest emotion or motion in a way?

The Role Of The Director

Different directors have different attitude to image composition. Usually, the director is so preoccupied with words and performance, continuity, and techniques, that he or she cannot come to shots composition.

Most of the times, the director selects the shot size (CU, two-shot, group shot) and leaves the details to the camera operator.

In other productions, the director groups actors in such a way as to provide specific arrangements for the camera—for dramatic effect or to attract the public’s attention.

In special cases, the director may prepare a storyboard sketch with the detailed composition of certain key shots.

Composition Principles

Composition principles are not laws but they are certainly good guidelines to design a proper image.